SPP's Driving Force Cards

Driving forces are a set of external and internal variables that influence the course of direction of policies, organizations, and decisions at micro-levels. They can be categorized into STEEP (science, technology, economics, environment, and politics). Many futurists scan constantly for different types of driving forces, which can be megatrends or forces with weak signals, in order to be future ready. Through the study of driving forces one can begin to not only anticipate change that is coming but also innovate ahead of others to grab the best opportunities from that change. In the current COVID pandemic there are many companies that anticipated the pandemic and many that adapted within days of the crisis.

Are you future ready too?

CMU-SPP Driving Force Cards.



Top-class training
related to public policy

The School provides top-class training related to public policy. This includes policy decision-making, policy design, policy communication, policy evaluation, and policy management. We are keen to work with policy specialists who are working in various communities to be better in all aspects of policy management, deliberative processes, and social engagement.

Other Policy Services

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